4 symptoms of alcoholism

Baclofen — from standard treatment for spasticity to managing alcoholism , Feature, Pharmaceutical Journal

For the estimated 12 million people worldwide who live with spasticity, the gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) analogue baclofen (Lioresal) has been a valuable option for relieving disabling and distressing symptoms for nearly 50 years.1 Before its introduction in the UK in 1966, patients seeking relief from muscle spasms were faced with increasing lower limb weakness and impaired bladder function associated intrathecal phenol or unacceptable drowsiness with chlordiazepoxide or diazepam in the doses required.“For many years, baclofen has been standard treatment for spasticity, not just in multiple sclerosis (MS), stroke and head injury patients, but after spinal cord injury when muscle spasms...

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Alcohol Use Disorder Treatment for Alcohol Withdrawal - Alcohol Use Disorder Health Information - NY Times Health

In-Depth From A.D.A.M. Treatment for Alcohol WithdrawalWhen a person with alcoholism stops drinking, withdrawal symptoms begin within 6 - 48 hours and peak about 24 - 35 hours after the last drink. During this period, the inhibition of brain activity caused by alcohol is abruptly reversed. Stress hormones are overproduced, and the central nervous system becomes overexcited. Common symptoms include:Additional symptoms may include:Extremely aggressive behaviorChanges in blood pressure (either higher or lower)Seizures occur in about 10% of adults during withdrawal. In about 60% of these patients, the seizures are multiple. The time between the first and last seizure is usually 6 hours or less...

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Controlled Drinking vs. Abstinence, Addiction Recovery

Controlled Drinking vs. AbstinenceThe Argument for Controlled Drinking vs. AbstinenceThe position of ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS (AA) and the dominant view among therapists who treat alcoholism in the United States is that the goal of treatment for those who have been dependent on alcohol is total, complete, and permanent abstinence from alcohol (and, often, other intoxicating substances). By extension, for all those treated for alcohol abuse, including those with no dependence symptoms, moderation of drinking (termed controlled drinking or CD) as a goal of treatment is rejected (Peele, 1992). Instead, providers claim, holding out such a goal to an alcoholic is detrimental, fostering a...

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Treatment of alcohol dependence with low-dose topiramate: an open-label controlled study, BMC Psychiatry, Full Text

AbstractBackgroundMethodsStudy design - participantsThe study was an open-label controlled clinical trial. Participants were assigned either to a standard alcohol detoxification group (see below) or to a topiramate augmentation group. Assignment to the topiramate augmentation group was made on a 2:1 ratio, thus, every third intake was assigned to the topiramate group. In total, 90 alcohol-dependent individuals who consecutively contacted the Drug and Alcohol Addiction Clinic of the Athens University Psychiatric Clinic at the Eginition Hospital in Athens, Greece, were enrolled in the study. Patients had to fulfil the DSM-IV-TR [ 16 ] diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse/dependence and were...

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Treatment for Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse - Solutions Center

Despite greater awareness and scientific advancements, alcohol abuse continues to be a major issue in the U.S.. In 2012, the cost associated with alcohol abuse, including crime, lost work productivity, and healthcare was $235 billion (“Trends”). According to a report from the Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants: “… a study of 242 trauma patients admitted to a suburban US hospital, 43% were found to have elevated blood alcohol levels and 33% were legally intoxicated” (Hartsell).While many are hospitalized due to the effects of alcohol abuse, few hospitals treat this underlying cause of trauma. Nearly 2 million hospital patients, per year, display symptoms of alcohol...

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Treatment for Alcoholism, Free by the Sea

Alcoholism is a disease that cuts across all social classes, ethnicities, genders, and cultures. Alcohol is generally regarded as a drug which can distort your judgment, reducing an individual...

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Long-term drug treatment of patients with alcohol dependence, Issue 2, Volume 38, Australian Prescriber

Volumes and Issues SummaryDrug therapy for alcohol dependence should only be used in conjunction with a comprehensive treatment plan.Naltrexone and acamprosate have well established efficacy and are first-line treatments.Naltrexone is recommended for patients aiming to cut down their alcohol intake who do not have severe liver disease or an ongoing need for opioids.Acamprosate is recommended for those who have achieved and wish to maintain abstinence.Disulfiram is no longer considered first-line treatment due to difficulties with compliance and toxicity.Although baclofen and topiramate have evidence of benefit, they are not registered for alcohol dependence and should only be considered in...

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Treatment of Alcoholism, Psych Central

To understand treatment and make the right treatment choices, it helps to have an overview. Treatment is often seen as having four general phases:Getting started (assessment and evaluation of disease symptoms and accompanying life problems, making treatment choices and developing a plan)Detoxification (stopping use)Active treatment (residential treatment or therapeutic communities, intensive and regular outpatient treatment, medications to help with alcohol craving and discourage alcohol use, medications to treat concurrent psychiatric illnesses, 12-step programs, other self-help and mutual-help groups)Maintaining sobriety and relapse prevention (outpatient treatment as needed, 12-step...

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Treatment for Alcohol Problems: Finding and Getting Help

Treatment for Alcohol Problems: Finding and Getting HelpThis guide is written for individuals, and their family and friends, who are looking for options to address alcohol problems. It is intended as a resource to understand what treatment choices are available and what to consider when selecting among them.Table of ContentsWhen Is It Time for Treatment?Alcohol-related problems...

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Alcohol Awareness Month: Federal judge ordered to undergo treatment for alcoholism - Sovereign health of Arizona

As April is being observed as the Alcohol Awareness Month (AAM) across the country, it has come to light that a federal judge was ordered to get treatment for severe alcoholism post her unusual behavior on the bench that led to her mysterious removal from a string of cases. According to court records released on April 13, 2017, District Judge Patricia Minaldi was diagnosed with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and severe Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, a degenerative brain disorder that is linked to alcohol abuse.While the court records do not reveal whether Minaldi’s alcoholism was a factor in the interruptions in her Louisiana courtroom, they show that the 58-year-old judge moved into a facility...

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