Alcoholism and genetics

Alcoholism

Alcoholism Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in problems. In a medical context, alcoholism is said to exist when two or more of the following conditions is present: a person drinks large amounts over a long time period, has difficulty cutting down, acquiring and drinking alcohol takes up a great deal of time, alcohol is strongly desired, usage results in not fulfilling responsibilities, usage results in social problems, usage results in health problems, usage results in risky situations, withdrawal occurs when stopping, and alcohol tolerance has occurred with use. Generally women are more sensitive to alcohol's...

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Digication e-Portfolio :: CGS Team Y: Michael Buckley :: alcoholism genes

The chromosomes are larger starting from the left and they get shorter as they go towards the right. Then at at the end there is the two x and y chromosomes The #7 chromosome was clicked on. The summary shows the number of SNP on the chromosome. Also it shows the number of Protein coding genes and all the different RNA type genes. the Y chromosome is much shorter and has much less SNPs. The X chromosome has more of every single type of RNA and other chromosome componants. The autosomal chromosomes control the bodily functions while the sex chromosomes control which sex the organism will be Certain autosomal chromosomes contain the same amount of information as the sex chromosomes, although...

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At the advice of many medical experts, I'm leaving the following article, in which I'll discuss my personal probabilities of disease based upon my genetics, unsigned. While the 2008 Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act ( GINA ) protects individuals from being denied health insurance or employment based upon their genetic code, health insurers can still weigh your genetics against your payment determinations. Plus, the implications to life insurance, disability insurance, long-term care insurance and even the fate of my other family members are yet unknown. I'm particularly worried about being denied long-term care, as my test results chillingly indicate that I could develop...

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Scientists explore new link between genetics, alcoholism and the brain

Researchers at the University of Michigan Health System have uncovered a new link between genetic variations associated with alcoholism, impulsive behavior and a region of the brain involved in craving and anxiety. The results, published online April 12 in Molecular Psychiatry, suggest that variations in the GABRA2 gene contribute to the risk of alcoholism by influencing impulsive behaviors, at least in part through a portion of the cerebral cortex known as the insula, says study senior author Margit Burmeister, Ph.D., research professor at U-M’s Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute. “Scientists often find a statistical association between behaviors and various genes, but the...

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Wilhelmsen Lab: On the Cutting Edge of Efforts to Elucidate the Genetic Determinants of Alcoholism, Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies

“It’s no wonder he’s a drinker; alcoholism runs in his family.” This statement could as easily have been made a hundred years ago as it could be made today. That a person’s heritage influences his susceptibility to alcoholism and other addictions has been recognized by both scientists and lay people for centuries. The importance of genetic factors in alcoholism is supported by the finding of higher risk of alcoholism among relatives of an alcoholic than among the general population, as well as a higher risk among genetically identical twins than among fraternal twins or non-twin siblings (who are genetically similar but not identical). The evidence that children of alcoholics who are...

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Is alcoholism genetic? - Quora

RE: Is alcoholism genetic? Certain populations are KNOWN to be more vulnerable to alcohol than others. However that does not mean that alcoholism is only genetic. I have no alcoholics in my family tree. But when I discovered that alcohol relieved me of the constant, low-level fear left over from my childhood I was off and running. In perfect 20/20 hindsight it is quite clear that my alcoholism was psychological in nature, not genetic. RE: At 32 years of age and T-Total, I suddenly developed a horrible craving for alcohol lately and have drank wine and spirits every night for the last 3 weeks, panicking when I run out and forgoing other things for my home for ‘my fix’. I HATE myself for this...

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Are you genetically predisposed to alcoholism?, SBS News

Join the conversation using #InsightSBS Jade Mann sees himself as a "beer enthusiast" and consumes an average of four to five drinks every night. His father also drank as much as he did, and died of a heart attack at 51. He told Insight he did give up smoking after his father's death, but admits to applying a different standard when it comes to alcohol. "This is probably a part-excuse, but drinking is probably my vice. We don't go out, only rarely, and we don't gamble or anything. I am a functional alcohol, yes. I'm at work by 7.30am. Drinking has never impacted on my work," Mr Mann says. But what if Jade's drinking habits were formed before he was even born? Dr Alexander Niculescu said...

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Researchers Identify Alcoholism Gene

This content has not been reviewed within the past year and may not represent WebMD's most up-to-date information. To find the most current information, please enter your topic of interest into our search box. May 26, 2004 -- A new study links a gene to alcohol addiction -- backing up a long-recognized pattern showing that alcoholism runs in families. The finding also provides evidence that an inborn high level of anxiety is part of this picture. The study appears in this week's issue of the Journal of Neuroscience. Research has shown that alcohol addiction is a complex disease, with both genetics and a tendency toward anxiety playing "crucial roles," writes researcher Subhash C. Pandey,...

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High Resolution Genomic Scans Reveal Genetic Architecture Controlling Alcohol Preference in Bidirectionally Selected Rat Model

Citation: Lo C-L, Lossie AC, Liang T, Liu Y, Xuei X, Lumeng L, et al. (2016) High Resolution Genomic Scans Reveal Genetic Architecture Controlling Alcohol Preference in Bidirectionally Selected Rat Model. PLoS Genet 12(8): e1006178. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1006178 Editor: Greg Gibson, Georgia Institute of Technology, UNITED STATES This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. Funding: This work was supported by the National Institute of Health P60 AA07611 and...

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Drunken Worms Could Help Decode Alcoholism Genetics, Inside Science

Scientists could be getting close to identifying some of the genes that increase the risk of alcohol dependence.Tuesday, April 7, 2015 - 13:00Benjamin Plackett, Contributor(Inside Science) -- Imagine a checkup with your physician that includes not only the standard blood work, body weight, and blood pressure, but also a test that screens whether your genetic makeup puts you at risk of developing an addiction to alcohol.That's the pursuit of geneticists and addiction experts.It's no simple task -- while scientists widely acknowledge that genetic mutations likely cause some cases of alcoholism, they haven't identified a single gene as the culprit. In fact, it's likely to be an interaction...

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