Severe alcoholism

Liver Cirrhosis Causes, Early and Late Signs and Symptoms,

The liver is a versatile organ that metabolizes nutrients, wastes, toxins, drugs and other substances. It has various secondary roles including acting as a reservoir for blood. The liver has a complex architecture involving lobules containing hepatocytes (liver cells) and weighs about 1.6 kg (2.5% of the average adult body weight). Blood is received via the portal vein and hepatic artery, the former which brings blood to the liver to be processed and the latter nourishes the liver tissue with oxygen and nutrients. Waste products that are not passed out into the blood to be eventually be filtered by the kidneys make up bile which is then dumped in the gut during digestion and expelled in the...

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Answer- Case study- Chronic Alcoholism- A 75-year-old chronic alcoholic presents to the emergency room Biochemistry for Medics Clinical Cases

Answer- Case study- Chronic Alcoholism- A 75-year-old chronic alcoholic presents to the emergency room… A 75-year-old chronic alcoholic presents to the emergency room after being found on the rail road tracks passed out. On examination, he is found to have a distended abdomen that is equivalent in size to a full term pregnant woman’s belly. Which of the following functions of the liver has been compromised to cause this finding? D. Alcohol detoxification E. Decreased production of coagulation factors Answer- The right answer is B- Albumin synthesis. The patient has alcoholic liver disease. Excessive alcohol intake can lead to fatty liver, hepatitis, and cirrhosis (figure)....

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Immunological disturbances observed in chronic alcoholism, Atlas of Science

Immunological disturbances observed in chronic alcoholism Alcoholism is a complex behavioral disorder characterized by the loss of control over alcohol consumption often involving other drug abuse with a relapsing and remitting course leading to significant impairment. Chronic alcohol use and alcoholism damages many critical organ systems including the brain, liver, gastrointestinal tract and bone with broad effects on bodily functions influencing general health. Alcohol-related biochemical disturbances are known to trigger an enhanced immune response leading to inflammation, organ failure (e.g., hepatitis, pancreatitis) and death in severe cases. Activation of immune factors and...

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The Neurocritic: Deep Brain Stimulation for Severe Alcoholism

Wednesday, September 09, 2009 Deep brain stimulation (DBS) for treatment-refractory psychiatric disorders has been gaining in popularity. The procedure involves neurosurgery to implant stimulating electrodes aimed at a target region inside the brain. It works using the same sort of pacemaker-like device used for DBS in Parkinson's disease, which has been remarkably successful at alleviating symptoms. DBS as a treatment for neurological disorders such as Parkinson's, primary generalised dystonia, atypical tremor syndromes, cluster headache, phantom limb pain, and epilepsy has been mostly unobjectionable. However, the Neurological/Psychiatric Divide makes DBS for mental illnesses such as...

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Alcoholism and Esophagus Damage - Alcoholism Rehab

Alcoholism and Esophagus DamageThe esophagus is the hollow, muscular structure that extends from the bottom of the throat to the top of the stomach. It plays an absolutely essential role in human health by giving food and liquids access to the stomach and other digestive organs in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The types of heavy alcohol consumption associated with alcoholism can damage the tissues in the esophagus both directly and indirectly. Potential consequences of this damage include relatively minor problems such as heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and potentially fatal problems such as esophageal cancer and enlarged, bleeding veins known medically as esophageal...

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Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire data on alcoholic violent offenders: specific connections to severe impulsive cluster B personality disorders and violent criminality, BMC Psychiatry, Full Text

AbstractBackgroundThe antisocial personality disorder diagnosis (ASPD) is frequent in prison populations [ 1 ], and prominent in assessment of violence. The validity of ASPD diagnosis, however, is unclear. The descriptive categorization criteria (present/absent) for ASPD were introduced in DSM-III [ 2 ]. Recently, Widiger and co-workers summed up personality disorder research and proposed a research agenda for the DSM-V that advocates replacing the current categorical approach, including ASPD, with a dimensional approach that would treat personality traits as continua [ 3 ].Critics of diagnostic dichotomies state that categorical diagnoses are neither reliable nor valid [ 4 ], because...

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Alcoholism Withdrawal

Alcoholism WithdrawalAlcoholism withdrawal may range in severity anywhere from mild discomfort to a severe life-threatening condition....

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Alcohol Recovery Timeline: What to Expect When You Stop Drinking

Quitting drinking once and for all can be a big decision. Being addicted to alcohol can be a tough thing to admit. However, once you’ve acknowledged your addiction the next part of the process is actually quitting drinking entirely.Below we highlight some of the benefits you’ll see when you quit drinking, and the general timeline of what you’ll experience as you withdraw and detox from alcohol.Benefits of Quitting DrinkingConsuming high quantities of alcohol on a regular basis can lead to changes in both your body and brain. Some long-term risks of alcohol abuse include:Digestive and stomach problemsHeart problems and cardiovascular issuesIncreased risk of strokeHigher chance of depression...

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How Alcoholism Is Linked to Extreme Weight-Loss

Recent research out of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center sheds new light on the correlation between gastric bypass surgery and the increased risk of developing an alcohol addiction.Previously, it had been suggested that increased alcohol consumption was compensatory for the inability to consume food as one had previously, at levels seeming of addiction. Simply swapping one addiction for another.But Dr Mitchell Roslin, a bariatric surgeon at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, explains that this is not so. Gastric bypass surgery provokes significant weight loss by drastically decreasing the size of ones stomach and shortening the length of the intestine."A gastric bypass patient...

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What drives writers to drink?, Books, The Guardian

The poet John Berryman (bearded) shares beer and conversation with drinkers in a Dublin pub in 1967. Five years later, in 1972, after several failed rounds of treatment for alcohol addiction, he took a train to the Washington Avenue bridge in St Paul and threw himself 100 feet into the Mississippi. His body was identified from a blank cheque found in his pocket and the name on his broken glasses. Photograph: Terrence Spencer/Time...

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