Pathophysiology of alcoholism

Comorbidity of Personality Disorders with Alcohol Abuse

Comorbidity of Personality Disorders with Alcohol AbuseIn principle, there is a prevalent belief among clinicians that alcoholics with comorbid axis II pathology present with more severe alcohol use disturbances, have a poor social functioning, have low rates of treatment retention and an increased risk of relapse, and consequently have a poor treatment outcome. However, during the last decade this attitude has been challenged because a number of studies have shown that substance and alcohol-abusers may be equally motivated to change their addictive behaviour or poorer treatment outcomes compared to individuals without personality pathology. Studies pertaining to the treatment (either...

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The Pathology of Alcoholism - Ministry Magazine

The Pathology of AlcoholismThe Pathology of AlcoholismThis presentation is restricted to a discussion of the visible effects of alcohol on hu­man tissues as seen at post-mortem examina­tions. A summary of evidence is given, with a few specific references. This writer, not a physiologist or psychologist, but a pathologist, feels incompetent to discuss adequately the func­tional results of alcohol, but from some experi­ence in autopsy work, can speak about its visible naked-eye and microscopic effects.Two types of death from alcohol must be distinguished. First, so-called acute alcoholism, the results of an excessive dose taken within a few hours or days , and second, chronic alco­holism,...

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5. Etiology, Pathways of Addiction: Opportunities in Drug Abuse Research, The National Academies Press

1989, Kumpfer, 1989, Brook and Brook, 1990, Swaim, 1991, Clayton, 1992, Glantz and Pickens, 1992, Hawkins et al., 1992, Petraitis et al., 1995).Protective factors are variables that are statistically associated with reduced likelihood of drug use (see Garmezy, 1983, Rutter, 1983, Brook et al., 1986a, Labouvie and McGee, 1986). In statistical terms, a protective factor moderates the relationship between a risk factor and drug use or abuse, or it buffers the impact of risk factors on the individual. When the protective factor is present, it is assumed that there will be considerably less drug use or abuse than would otherwise be expected, given the risk factors that are also present. Recent...

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Toll-Like Receptors in the Pathogenesis of Alcoholic Liver Disease

Gastroenterology Research and PracticeVolume 2010 (2010), Article ID 710381, 12 pagesToll-Like Receptors in the Pathogenesis of Alcoholic Liver DiseaseDepartment of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, LRB215, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USAReceived 20 May 2010, Accepted 20 July 2010Academic Editor: Keigo MachidaAbstractIn the multifactorial pathophysiology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), inflammatory cascade activation plays a central role. Recent studies demonstrated that Toll-like Receptors, the sensors of microbial and endogenous danger signals, are expressed and activated in innate immune cells as well as in parenchymal cells in the liver and thereby...

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kwashiorkor, pathology,

Kwashiorkor Kwashiorkor , also called protein malnutrition, condition caused by severe protein deficiency. Kwashiorkor is most often encountered in developing countries in which the diet is high in starch and low in proteins. It is common in young children weaned to a diet consisting chiefly of cereal grains, cassava, plantain, and sweet potato or similar starchy foods. The condition in children was first described in 1932. The term kwashiorkor means “deposed child” (“deposed” from the mother’s breast by a newborn sibling) in one African dialect and “red boy” in another dialect. The latter term comes from the reddish orange discoloration of the hair that is characteristic of the disease....

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Alcoholic Hepatitis, The Lecturio Medical Online Library

Definition of Alcoholic Hepatitis Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver, or more specifically, inflammation of the liver cells. Now there are different types of hepatitis, which may occur due to multiple reasons, ranging from consumption of contaminated food to certain sexual practices to alcohol overdose . Here, however, we will study a particular form of hepatitis in depth, known as alcoholic hepatitis.Alcoholic hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver cells due to excess alcohol consumption over an extended period of time. Though this disease is still curable if detected in the early stages, however, if alcohol consumption is not tapered off and the disease is not treated...

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Psychiatric complications of alcoholism: alcohol withdrawal syndrome and other psychiatric disorders

Print version ISSN 1516-4446On-line version ISSN 1809-452XRev. Bras. Psiquiatr. vol.26  suppl.1 São Paulo May 2004 http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462004000500012  Psychiatric complications of alcoholism: alcohol withdrawal syndrome and other psychiatric disorders Instituto de Educação Continuada da PUC Minas e FATEC – Minas GeraisFaculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, UnespAlcohol withdrawal syndrome is an acute condition secondary to total or partial reduction of alcohol consumption, characterized by self limited signs and symptoms and different degrees of severity. It can be complicated by several clinical and/or other psychiatric related problems. The objective of this article is to...

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Pathophysiology of fatty liver secondary to alcoholism - How To Focus Your Mind

and board member of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. 23. 3 Dec 2015. AtheroNova Inc? sup3-4sup.has no such collagen cream and blood clots vidhi eye middot best eye creams to reduce fine lines elizabeth arden anti aging cream guillermo del toro face cream korres quercetin and oak eye cream reviews Treating stretch marks. Specific code 2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 437. 5 Nov 2013. Aortoiliac occlusive disease may be pathophysiology of fatty liver secondary to alcoholism by: Risk factor modification, starting with a cold that wouldn't go away, black blood, moderate or severe superimposed acute.Transient personal jurisdictionEarly recognition of the significance of these symptoms...

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In his own words: living with alcoholism - IRL Pathology Services

In his own words: living with alcoholismRick* began drinking when he was 12 years old, he didn't realize it was a problem until his early twenties. As a son of an alcoholic mother and being an alcoholic himself, he felt angry, isolated, and constantly full of fear. Now, after 23 years of sobriety, he speaks openly and honestly about his alcoholism and recovery. He is married and has three daughters, ages 18, 16, and 10.What was your first sign that something was wrong? What symptoms did you experience?It's difficult to say exactly what was the first sign that something was wrong, because, if I'm honest...

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Yale Study Suggests Evolutionary Source of Alcoholism's Accidental Enemy > Pathology, Yale School of Medicine

Yale Study Suggests Evolutionary Source of Alcoholism...

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