When was alcoholism defined as a disease

Mrs. Marty Mann and the Early Medicalization of Alcoholism - The Atlantic

She didn't believe clinics could solve all of our problems, but Mann pushed for the acceptance of alcoholism as a treatable, curable disease.I'm a big fan of contradictions. Where they occur -- in social movements, in ideology, in programs of action -- they tend to highlight the underlying compositional character of human enterprises. Thus contradictions also provide occasions where the contributing strands of such enterprises may be more easily separated out for examination. (Comedians, of course, love contradictions too -- because they highlight our foolishness as a species.) Below, I examine an intriguing contradiction lodged in one of the deep assumptions of the modern alcoholism...

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Alcoholic liver disease - O'Shea - 2009 - Hepatology - Wiley Online Library

This guideline has been approved by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) and the American College of Gastroenterology and represents the position of both associations.PreambleThese recommendations provide a data-supported approach. They are based on the following: (1) formal review and analysis of the recently published world literature on the topic (Medline search), (2) American College of Physicians Manual for Assessing Health Practices and Designing Practice Guidelines 1 , (3) guideline policies, including the AASLD Policy on the development and use of Practice Guidelines and the American Gastroenterological Association Policy Statement on Guidelines 2 , and (...

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Irregular Heavy Drinking Occasions and Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more Irregular Heavy Drinking Occasions and Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisKey wordsAlcohol consumption is causally related to some 100 diseases and conditions and has been found to be one of the most important risk factors for burden of disease worldwide, especially in developed countries ( 1 ). One of the most important disease outcomes causally related to alcohol is ischemic heart disease (IHD), the most common cause of death in many countries, with growing...

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Alcohol Abuse Essay - Paper Topics

Alcohol abuse has quickly become one of the most common, yet detrimental issues in modern society. It is harmful to both the abuser, the abuser’s family and friends, and also society as a whole. Alcohol abuse is defined as “a psychiatric diagnosis describing the recurring use of alcoholic beverages despite its negative consequences” (“Alcohol Abuse”). While the definition may seem like a simple one, alcohol abuse is actually the complete opposite. It is a very complex issue with many variables accounting for the causes, effects and consequences, the tell-tale symptoms, and also how to begin to correct the problem.There are very many reasons that a person may begin to abuse alcohol at some...

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The problem with defining addiction as a 'brain disease', Daily Maverick

The problem with defining addiction as a 'brain disease'In 1935, Bill Wilson and Dr Bob Smith held the first-ever Alcoholics Anonymous meeting in Akron, Ohio. Through the summer of that year, based on their shared understanding that an active alcoholic needed the help of a sober alcoholic to achieve sobriety, they reached out to other sufferers in the area, visiting them at home and often ministering into the early hours. A central AA principle to emerge in these founding months was the power of...

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Substance Use Disorder Defined

Substance Use Disorder DefinedSubstance use disorder is the term devised by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that diagnostically replaces terms including substance addiction and substance abuse disorder. Since May 2013, doctors in the U.S. have started using this diagnostic term as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).An individual must meet a certain set of criteria in order to receive this diagnosis.What Is Substance Use Disorder?This diagnosis was specifically designed to allow doctors to simultaneously address both addictive and non-addictive dysfunctional substance use in clients. This replaces the DSM-4, the diagnostic...

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Is Obesity A Disease?, Prevention

Tansneem Bhatia, MD, (aka Dr. Taz), medical director and founder, the Atlanta Center for Holistic...

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Primary care management of alcohol use disorder and at-risk drinking

Primary care management of alcohol use disorder and at-risk drinkingPart 1: screening and assessmentAn at-risk drinker is someone who consumes more than the amounts recommended in the Canadian low-risk drinking guidelines (LRDGs)but who does not meet clinical criteria for alcohol use disorder (AUD). Alcohol use disorder is a psychiatric illness defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-V), as alcohol use causing clinically significant impairment or distress. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, ongoing drinking despite knowledge of consequences, and neglect of responsibilities. The DSM-V diagnostic manual classifies AUD as mild...

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Definition of Alcoholism: Know the Facts - Jason Wahler

Definition of Alcoholism: Know the FactsIf you look up the definition of alcoholism and the addiction to alcohol in the dictionary you will see a few definitions:Continuous excessive or compulsive use of alcoholic drinks. 
A chronic mental disorder marked by excessive and usually compulsive drinking of alcohol leading to psychological and physical dependence or addiction.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) alcoholism and excessive alcohol use causes somewhere around 88,000 deaths each year making alcohol the fourth leading preventable cause of death in the United States.Alcoholism not only affects the person addicted, there are also family consequences, an...

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Alcohol Consumption, Progression of Disease and Other Comorbidities, and Responses to Antiretroviral Medication in People Living with HIV

AIDS Research and TreatmentVolume 2012 (2012), Article ID 751827, 14 pagesAlcohol Consumption, Progression of Disease and Other Comorbidities, and Responses to Antiretroviral Medication in People Living with HIVDepartments of Pharmacology...

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