Definition of chronic alcoholism

Alcohol-Related Psychosis: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology

BackgroundAlcohol-related psychosis is a secondary psychosis that manifests as prominent hallucinations and delusions occurring in a variety of alcohol-related conditions. For patients with alcohol use disorder, previously known as alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence, psychosis can occur during phases of acute intoxication or withdrawal, with or without delirium tremens. In addition, alcohol hallucinosis and alcoholic paranoia are 2 uncommon alcohol-induced psychotic disorders, which are seen only in chronic alcoholics who have years of severe and heavy drinking.Lastly, psychosis can also occur during alcohol intoxication, also known as pathologic intoxication, an uncommon condition the...

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Alcohol Abuse and Seizures: an Overview of Clinical Notions and Pathogenetic Theories

1. IntroductionEffects of alcohol abuse over the nervous system are numerous, and the variety of clinical pictures makes their taxonomy a challenging task. However, if we focus over the influences that ethanol has directly over the neuron, and the nervous cells in general, than a simplifying discussion over its role on the cellular and molecular basis might be helpful.The correlations between alcohol consumption and abuse, and central or peripheral nervous system pathologies have since long formulated. The direct effects of ethanol on the cellular matrix, namely the fluidification of neuronal membrane has been initially considered as the pathogenetic mechanism leading to neural dysfunction...

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Center for Problem-Oriented Policing, Problem Guides, Chronic Public Inebriation

The Problem of Chronic Public InebriationThis guide begins by describing the problem of chronic public inebriation and reviewing factors that increase its risks. It then identifies a series of questions to help you analyze your local chronic public inebriation problem. Finally, it reviews responses to the problem and what is known about these from evaluative research and police practice.What This Guide Does and Does Not CoverThe problem of chronic public inebriation takes many forms and has numerous negative social consequences....

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Effects of chronic alcoholism in the sensitivity to luminance contrast in vertical sinusoidal gratings

Print version ISSN 0102-7972On-line version ISSN 1678-7153Psicol. Reflex. Crit. vol.29  Porto Alegre  2016  Epub June 20, 2016 http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41155-016-0023-y  Alcoholism is a worldwide health problem defined as a chronic disorder of alcohol dependence (). The excessive or chronic alcohol intake over time causes structural, cognitive and behavioral alterations in the Central Nervous System (Among the changes in visual perception associated with alcohol use, we highlight: (i) neurodegenerative alterations in visual pathways and retinal layers integrated into the functional decline of rods and cones (), (ii) alterations in cortical receptive fields of single cells and...

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Define Alcohol Abuse

Define Alcohol AbuseHow to Define Alcohol AbuseAlcohol abuse can be a bit tricky to define being that alcohol is legal and does not come with portion sizes that a person should take, like food or prescription pills do. However, alcohol can be abused by people’s mentalities and behaviors behind their drinking.According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, alcohol abuse is when a person develops a pattern of drinking that causes harm to their health, to their interpersonal relationships, or to their ability to work.When a person experiences consequences from their drinking habits then they are abusing alcohol. For example, if a person is missing work or not fulfilling their daily...

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UNODC - Bulletin on Narcotics - 1961 Issue 2 - 002

Comparative investigations of the genesis of alcoholism and drug addictionSectionsDetails Comparative investigations of the genesis of alcoholism and drug addiction Dr. R. Battegay Basle University Psychiatric Clinic (Director: Professor Dr. P. Kielholz)Alcoholism and drug addiction have certain psychological, sociological and pharmacological origins and phases of development in common. At the same time, drug addiction and alcoholism have their own specific characteristics.In what follows we shall deal both with the characteristics common to alcoholism and drug addiction and with their specific characteristics.According to Staehelin, the basis for all addiction is a need for self-...

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Chronic Dehydration: Causes and Symptoms, eHealthStar

CausesCauses of chronic dehydration are same as causes of acute dehydration. Common causes of chronic dehydration that may go unnoticed are insufficient drinking, excessive sweating and excessive urination triggered by diuretic pills or untreated diabetes mellitus.Risk FactorsElderly people may be at increased risk of dehydration due to:Decreased feeling of thirstAnorexia due to a chronic diseaseLong-term use of diureticsBeing neglected in a nursing home2. Insufficient drinkingConstant nausea that leads to avoiding drinking and eating, for example, in pregnant women with severe morning sickness (hyperemesis gravidarum)Chronic alcoholism or drug addiction in combination with irregular...

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Alcohol and anaesthesia, BJA Education, Oxford Academic

Alcohol and anaesthesia Consumption of alcohol is widespread in British society and a common co-factor in emergency hospital admissions.Morbidity associated with chronic alcohol abuse appears to be increasing and affecting younger patients.Anaesthetists must consider the acute and chronic effects of alcohol at all stages of the patient pathway.Alcohol withdrawal is a potentially life-threatening complication that must be diagnosed and actively managed.Anaesthetists are as susceptible to alcohol-related disease as others in the same socio-economic group.Two-thirds of adults in England drink alcohol on a weekly basis, and 30% drink more than the recommended daily level.Among children, 46% of...

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Evaluation of Subclinical Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Chronic Asymptomatic Alcoholics by Speckle Tracking Echocardiography

BioMed Research InternationalVolume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6582568, 6 pagesEvaluation of Subclinical Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Chronic Asymptomatic Alcoholics by Speckle Tracking EchocardiographyAkdeniz University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiology, Antalya, TurkeyAtaturk State Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Antalya, TurkeyAkdeniz University Medical Faculty, Department of Psychiatry, Antalya, TurkeyReceived 29 November 2016, Accepted 19 March 2017, Published 29 March 2017Academic Editor: Hongqun LiuAbstractBy using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography, we aimed to investigate the structural and functional changes on myocardium in chronic asymptomatic...

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