Is alcohol dependence the same as alcoholism

The Science of Alcohol Addiction Harvard Science Review

The Science of Alcohol Addiction It’s a Friday night. House parties. Drinking games. Red solo cups. It’s a common sight. But where does the college drinking culture come from and where can we draw the thin line between being in control of alcohol and having alcohol control you? Approximately one out of five college students meet the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism’s criteria for alcohol dependence (1). Even those who don’t drink can be one of the 599,000 students that are often unintentionally injured in alcohol-related situations (1). One of the causes behind these alarming statistics is simply the biology of the adolescent brain. College is usually where the last stage...

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Links of gut microbiota composition with alcohol dependence syndrome and alcoholic liver disease, Microbiome, Full Text

Abstract Keywords Background Results Cohorts of patients In total, 99 patients were enrolled in the study carried out at three clinical centers in three Russian cities (see Table 1, the “ Methods ” section, and Additional file 1: Table S1). The cohort included 72 patients with ADS, and 27—with ALC (Additional file 2: Table S2); for a third of the cohort, the gut metagenome analysis has been performed and its results have been previously published [ 18, 19 ]; experimental data were made publicly available [ 20 ]. Sequencing of the stool samples yielded 25.8 ± 16.1 M of 50 bp reads per sample (127.5 Gbp in total). Gut microbial communities of the patients with ADS and ALC differ from each...

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Take this Alcohol Addiction Test

Am I an Alcoholic? Alcohol Addiction Assessment We’re always talking about alcohol abuse and dependence, and the difference between the two. They both suffer consequences because of their drinking, but alcoholics are physically dependent on the substance, and they experience withdrawal symptoms if they stop drinking. The American Psychiatric Association is considering categorizing alcohol abuse within a spectrum of disorders, which would classify some drinkers as “almost alcoholics.” The grey areas of drinking The lines are blurry between alcoholics, alcohol abusers and people on the brink of having these problems. An alcoholic may not show the same symptoms as other...

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The Relationship Between Codependency And Alcohol Abuse

Codependency describes a pattern of behavior whereby one or both partners lack autonomy and depend on the other for happiness and approval. Codependency often becomes an issue for those in relationships with people who suffer from alcohol dependency. Individuals who are codependent base their identity and self-worth on their partner. One key signal of codependency is when a person’s sense of purpose is invested in satisfying his or her partner’s needs – even when it is to his or her own detriment. Codependence is often the second step in enabling. Enabling is the act of extending help that actually perpetuates a problem. An enabler might not provide alcohol, but might lie to keep a partner...

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Genetic Basis for Alcohol Dependence

New research has found a strong link between alcohol dependence and a genetic variation called copy number variations on chromosome 5q13.2. Previous studies have shown that genetics play a significant role in making a person dependent on alcohol or drugs. Experts say that these genetic traits are heritable. Heritability range falls between 50 and 60 percent for both men and women. "Twin and adoption studies have estimated the heritability of alcohol dependence or AD – the proportion of variability in risk that is due to genetic factors – to be to be about 50 percent," said John P. Rice, professor of mathematics in psychiatry at Washington University and author for the study. Symptoms for...

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New Study Finds Nearly 1 in 4 Americans Under the Age of 30 Is an Alcoholic

According to a study recently published in JAMA Psychiatry, one in eight American adults now meets the diagnostic criteria for alcoholism. Further, nearly one in four adults under age 30 met the diagnostic criteria for alcoholism. The study also found that rates of alcoholism were higher among men (16.7 percent), Native Americans (16.6 percent), people below the poverty threshold (14.3 percent), and people living in the Midwest (14.8 percent). The data used in the study comes from National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), which was administered by the National Institutes of Health. To meet the diagnostic criteria for alcoholism, a person must either fit the...

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This enzyme is 'turned off' as alcohol dependency grows, WIRED UK

People suffering from an alcohol dependency may see the production of an enzyme 'turned off' as the dependency grows, a group of scientists has found. The enzyme, called PRDM2, is significantly decreased by a history of alcoholism and, as a result, it is claimed the 'knockdown' of the enzyme results in a greater alcohol consumption or a 'vicious cycle' of addiction. Research, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, says that alcoholism sees the enzyme's creation stopped in the nerve cells of the brain's frontal lobe. "PRDM2 controls the expression of several genes that are necessary for effective signalling between nerve cells," Markus Heilig from Linköping University, and leader of...

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What is 'alcohol dependency' or 'alcoholism'?

What is 'alcohol dependency' or 'alcoholism'?Alcohol dependency is when the body becomes accustomed to having alcohol present, and when it not present you get a craving for a drink. Some people are more susceptible to this than others and again the reason is probably in your genes - something to do with the levels of certain chemicals in the brain.The key thing about being alcohol dependent is that:Firstly, alcohol starts to completely take over your life, and eventually becomes the only important thing in your life - more important than your job, your friends and even your family or your children - it is a one way road to no-where.Secondly, it is absolutely possible to recover from alcohol...

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Alcohol Addiction - The Discovery House

Alcohol AddictionAccording to the most recent studies, one person in six has an alcohol problem or alcohol addiction. This means that millions of American families are affected by alcoholism and alcohol dependence each and every day. Many do not receive the alcohol addiction treatment they need to live a sober life. Being able to recognize the signs and symptoms of alcoholism and alcohol dependence is important for family, friends, co-workers, religious leaders, teachers, and medical professionals. Drink, booze, liquor, sauce, vino, liquid courage, hooch, juice, hard stuff. What is Alcohol Abuse? Alcohol abuse means that the person may not be physically dependent on alcohol, but it is...

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Translational Findings: What drunk fruit flies can tell us about alcohol addiction

A study in 2012 found that approximately 7.2% of adults in the United States have an alcohol use disorder (a term that covers any person for whom their drinking causes distress or harm). That adds up to approximately 17 million Americans! Treatments for alcoholism, such as behavioral therapies or medications, can often be ineffective in the long-term due to changes that happen in the brain as a result of addiction. Improved treatment for alcoholism therefore requires an understanding of how and why addiction forms.Research has shown that genes are responsible for about 50% of the risk for alcoholism, which can explain why alcoholism seems to run in families. Although genes alone don’t...

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