Alcoholism disorder

Adult alcoholism and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are connected, EurekAlert! Science News

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms include inattention, motor hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Researchers have found a distinct phenotype or "profile" of adults with co-existing ADHD and alcoholism. ADHD is five to 10 times more frequent among adult alcoholics than among the normal population. Investigation of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTT) and the 5-HT2c receptor Cys23Ser polymorphism does not support a genetic commonality of ADHD and alcoholism. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms include inattention, motor hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Roughly half of the adults who report ADHD symptoms also report a co-existing substance-abuse...

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“Everything in Moderation, Including Moderation” – Oscar Wilde, Alcohol Use Disorder,

Most of us have overindulged in alcohol at someone point in our lives; however, the bulk of us know that binge drinking isn’t a healthy habit to carry out on a regular basis. This is why most Americans try to adopt moderation when drinking. This could mean having a drink here and there or even one beer to relax at night. While this may seem harmless, a recent study has shown that even moderate drinking can take a toll on our health. The question is where do we draw the line? Do new guidelines and limits need to drawn up in order to educate and inform the public of this new discovery; and how serious are the consequences that accompany even moderate drinking? Alcohol Use Disorder Alcohol Use...

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Alcoholism with Co-Occurring Disorder Assessment

Alcoholism with Co-Occurring Disorder "...alcoholism with a co-occurring disorder happens whenever the propensity to drink to excess and abuse alcohol is combined with an underlying condition." Many people addicted to alcohol face the potential of alcoholism with co-occurring disorder problems. Alcoholism by itself can be a very traumatic situation, causing many problems in the sufferer's social, financial and family life. The situation of alcoholism with a co-occurring disorder happens whenever the propensity to drink to excess and abuse alcohol is combined with an underlying condition. The problems may include seemingly unrelated mood or anxiety disorders.  When dealing with the co-...

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Pharmacotherapy for Adults With Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) in Outpatient Settings, Effective Health Care Program

Focus of This Summary This is a summary of a systematic review evaluating the evidence regarding the efficacy, comparative effectiveness, and adverse effects of medications in adults with alcohol use disorder (AUD). The systematic review included 167 articles reporting on 135 eligible studies published from January 1, 1970, to October 11, 2013. This summary is provided to inform discussions with patients and/or caregivers of treatment options and to assist in decisionmaking along with consideration of a patient's values and preferences. However, reviews of evidence should not be construed to represent clinical recommendations or guidelines. Background Alcohol misuse, or unhealthy alcohol...

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Dramatic Increases in Alcohol Use, Abuse Reported in U.S. Adults, Medpage Today

Earn Free CME Credits by reading the latest medical news in your specialty. Alcohol use, high-risk drinking and alcohol dependence all increased dramatically in the United States from 2002 to 2013, researchers reported, with spikes in overall drinking and problem drinking highest among women, the elderly, and minorities. Authors of the study, published Wednesday in JAMA Psychiatry, described the increases as "unprecedented" and warned that they constitute a public health crisis currently overshadowed by the focus on other abused substances. "These are the largest alcohol increases we have seen in three decades," lead author Bridget F. Grant, PhD, of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse...

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Alcoholism Related Skin Disorders,

Alcohol dependence, or alcoholism, is characterized by increasing tolerance, cravings and withdrawal symptoms. When alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream from the digestive tract, it is quickly distributed to all parts of the body and has effects on all major systems, including the skin. Excessive alcohol use may also impact skin health by affecting personal grooming habits and nutrition. Alcohol abuse is associated with several skin disorders. Redness and Flushing Skin symptoms may be recognizable at an early stage of the disease and be useful in the diagnosis of alcoholism. A flushing reaction to drinking alcohol, which is due to an enzyme deficiency and more common in those of East...

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Alcohol Abuse Symptoms, Signs and Addiction Treatment

Alcohol Abuse What Is Alcohol Abuse? Alcohol can be an addictive substance. Not everyone who consumes alcohol will become addicted. However, certain people may be more susceptible to addiction. It should be noted that alcohol addiction and abuse are not the same. It's important to understand the facts on alcohol abuse. Alcohol addiction refers to a psychological and physical dependency on alcohol. Individuals who suffer from alcohol addiction may build up a tolerance to the substance, as well as continue drinking even when alcohol-related problems become evident. Alcohol abusers are not necessarily addicted to alcohol. Abusers are typically heavy drinkers who continue drinking regardless...

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DSM-5 Changes: Addiction, Substance-Related Disorders Alcoholism, Psych Central Professional

The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) has a number of changes to addictions, substance-related disorders and alcoholism. This article outlines some of the major changes to these conditions. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the publisher of the DSM-5, the major change with substance abuse and alcohol abuse and dependence disorders has been the removal of the distinction between “abuse” and “dependence.” The chapter also moves “gambling disorder” into it as a behavioral addiction. According to the APA, this change “reflects the increasing and consistent evidence that some behaviors,...

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People with seasonal affective disorder are more likely to be alcoholics - Business Insider

People with seasonal affective disorder could be more at risk of becoming alcoholics — here's why About 4% of people suffer from Seasonal Affective Disorder, or winter depression. People with SAD may also be at a higher risk of becoming alcoholics. There are both environmental and genetic reasons for this. Days become a lot shorter, colder, and darker when we enter into late autumn. It gets even worse when the clocks go back an hour on October 29th. However, for some people it's more than just feeling a bit demotivated. According to the AAFP, 4-6% of people suffer from Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), also known as winter depression, which has symptoms such as a persistent low mood,...

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Gene variant linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism

Gene variant linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism A rare gene variant discovered by UCL scientists is associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism, confirms new research. People with the variant are around 2 to 3 times more likely to develop schizophrenia or alcohol dependence, reports a new UCL study. The variant, which is found in approximately one in every 200 people, is also associated with a threefold risk of developing bipolar disorder, as previously shown by the same UCL group. The research, published in Psychiatric Genetics, is based on genetic analysis of 4,971 people diagnosed with one of the three disorders...

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