Alcoholism and depression treatment Alcoholism and depression comorbidity Alcoholism and depression help Alcoholism and depression in older adults Alcoholism and depression anxiety Alcoholism and depression pdf Alcoholism and depression studies Alcoholism. Help With Alcohol Addiction, Find Treatment For Alcoholism

What Is Alcohol Addiction?

Alcohol is one of the oldest and most commonly abused psychoactive substances in the world (NAADAC, 2005). It has long been recognized that a key component of what we have come to know as alcohol addiction or alcoholism is the inability to control how much a person drinks (Hernandez-Avila and Kranzler, 2011). For some, addiction to alcohol may develop, in part, as compulsive drinking behavior starts in those looking to experience the rewarding, intensely pleasurable effects--and in those who resistant to letting those effects wear off. In other words, people begin to repeatedly turn to alcohol use, since their mood may be temporarily enhanced while everyday stresses may be temporarily blocked out. Alcoholism and depression.

Alcohol addiction is a biological, psychological, and social disease, warranting treatment and public policy on its control, distribution, and consumption. It is a multifaceted illness because it affects more than just the individual alcoholic. A key characteristic of alcohol addiction is confusion, pain, disorder, and tragedy for families, communities, and society (Kinney, 2009).

Causes of alcohol addiction may be genetic, environmental or, more likely, are a combination of both. As Charles L. Brewer, an esteemed psychologist and author, expressed it: "Heredity deals the cards, environment plays the hand."

If you or someone you care about is struggling with alcohol addiction, call one of our treatment support specialists today at 1-888-744-0069 Who Answers? and get started on the road to recovery and happiness.

How to Approach an Alcoholic

It can be scary to think about approaching a loved one about their addiction to alcohol — especially if their alcohol use has affected you on a personal level. As difficult as it may be, try to focus on the present and ask yourself how you can best support your loved one from this point on.

Before approaching your loved one, consider how they may be feeling and how they will receive your support. Try your best to remain calm and caring and never begin any conversation about treatment when your loved one is drunk. Use “I” statements, such as, “I noticed,” or “I have been concerned,” and avoid placing blame.

It is not easy for someone to admit that they have a problem with alcohol use, so take time to prepare beforehand. You may want to consult with a counselor or a physician prior to the conversation or take advantage of the Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) model. CRAFT is a holistic approach centered on positive reinforcement. CRAFT teaches family and friends how to effectively motivate and talk to a loved one about treatment. Other approaches you may want to consider using include:

As a concerned family member, friend, or coworker, you are in a position to positively affect change in your loved one’s life. The statistics of alcohol use are grim — the CDC estimated that alcohol consumption shortened the lives of those who died between 2006 and 2010 by an average of 30 years. Getting into treatment early is important, and the sooner you can begin the conversation around treatment with your loved one, the better. A conversation about treatment could help save your loved one’s life and help them start a journey towards recovery. Remember that although your goal might be to help your loved one seek treatment, it is important to meet you loved one “where they are” and allow them the space to come to this decision themselves.

Also, remember that supporting doesn't mean enabling. The line between supporting and enabling is often a difficult one for family members and friends to discern. For example, you may give your loved one money for groceries but anticipate that it will go solely to alcohol. This would be an example of enabling. On the other hand, if your loved one is curious about what addiction treatment is like, you could help set up a conversation with an addiction professional or make an appointment to view a treatment center. This would be an example of supporting.

Loving someone with an addiction can bring ongoing stress and confusion. Getting support for yourself can help you to more effectively handle the stress of the situation. This support can come in the form of:

Reaching out to friends or other family members.

Alcohol Addiction Treatment

If you or someone you love has an addiction to alcohol, it is very important to seek medical help because of possible severe medical complications arising from withdrawal. Medically supervised detox can make the experience of withdrawal more comfortable and help the user manage cravings. Sedative medication may be required to help with certain symptoms of withdrawal. These may be administered for a few days and, after the dangerous withdrawal period has passed, the patient will gradually taper off them as their physical health improves.

After detox, in which the alcohol and its effects on the body are eliminated, the patient can begin a treatment program. There are different types of treatment programs, including residential programs and outpatient treatment.

Both types of addiction treatment are very effective, but the type of treatment program which is best is the one that will best address the patient's specific needs. For example, if someone has critical medical needs and/or fewer social support systems where they live, they may have better outcomes for staying sober if they choose inpatient or residential treatment (Finney et al., 2009).

Alcoholism and depression treatment Alcoholism and depression comorbidity Alcoholism and depression help Alcoholism and depression in older adults Alcoholism and depression anxiety Alcoholism and depression pdf Alcoholism and depression studies Alcoholism

Group and individual counseling or therapy.

Education on addiction and its consequences.

Relapse prevention strategies.

Since family and significant others are also affected, treatment programs often offer family programs to help support the entire family as the recovering alcoholic transitions to wellness and recovery. Other activities may address proper nutrition, exercise, and meditation (this is especially prevalent in holistic treatment programs that address the mind-body connection as a key component of recovery).

What Are the Signs of Addiction?

Those with an alcohol problem often experience ongoing troubles, such as arrests, a loss of friends, employment issues, and problems at home. They may find themselves drinking on the job and or making reckless choices, e.g., driving while intoxicated.

Here is a partial list of the criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) for an alcohol use disorder. This list is used for diagnosis, and outlines some characteristic signs and symptoms of addiction:

Consuming alcohol in larger amounts or over a longer time span than originally intended.

Trying numerous times to quit using alcohol unsuccessfully.

Spending an excessive amount of time obtaining, using, or recovering from alcohol.

Craving or having an overwhelming desire to drink alcohol.

Failing to fulfill work and family obligations as a result of continued use.

Continuing to drink alcohol despite knowledge that certain physical or psychological problems are caused or worsened by alcohol.

Needing increased amounts of alcohol to achieve the desired effect.

Alcoholism and depression treatment Alcoholism and depression comorbidity Alcoholism and depression help Alcoholism and depression in older adults Alcoholism and depression anxiety Alcoholism and depression pdf Alcoholism and depression studies Alcoholism

Alcohol Withdrawal

Another sign of addiction is the presence of a withdrawal syndrome, which may include symptoms such as:

Alcoholism and Depression

Depression is a serious symptom among alcohol abusers. According to data collected by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), over 3.4 million adults who suffered from alcohol dependency or other substance dependency issues experienced a major depressive episode in the year that the study was conducted. In other words, nearly 17% of all American's suffering from alcohol or drug abuse have also struggled with depression.

Compared to nonusers, alcohol users are much more likely to experience depression.

Am I Addicted to Alcohol?

It takes a lot of courage to ask the question, "Am I addicted to alcohol?" Many alcohol users who suffer from addiction to this substance also deal with denial, often asserting that the problem is not that bad, or lying about the use and consequences of alcohol.

The first step to understanding your alcohol addiction is to be honest with yourself and evaluate your symptoms without bias. Take note of how much you are drinking, and talk to your loved ones about how they feel about your drinking.

Take an Assessment

If you want to take another quick assessment for alcohol addiction, you can complete either the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST) or the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). These relatively short tests will help you determine whether you have a problem with alcohol.

Call Our Hotline Today

You can live a happy life without an addiction to alcohol, but you do need help. If you are not sure about where to begin, please call us even if you are continuing to drink for fear of withdrawal sickness. You'll be met with understanding and help finding the right path to care.

Reach out to our recovery advisors at 1-888-744-0069 Who Answers?. Calls are confidential, and someone is available to speak with you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week with information about alcohol treatment programs.


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5

Edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Hernandez-Avila, C.A., and Kranzler, H.R. (2011). Alcohol Use Disorders. In Ruiz, P., and Strain, E., Editors. Lowinson and Ruiz's Substance Abuse: A Comprhensive Textbook. 5

Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Kinney, J. (2009). Loosening the Grip: A Handbook of Alcohol Information. 9

Alcoholism and depression treatment Alcoholism and depression comorbidity Alcoholism and depression help Alcoholism and depression in older adults Alcoholism and depression anxiety Alcoholism and depression pdf Alcoholism and depression studies Alcoholism

Edition. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Storie, M., et al., Editors. (2005). Basics of Addiction Counseling: Desk Reference and Study Guide. 9

Printing. Alexandria, VA: NAADAC.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (1999). —From Precontemplation to Contemplation: Building Readiness.

About the Toll-Free Helpline and Directory

Each year, the hotline connects thousands of people with substance abuse treatment programs throughout the U.S. toll-free. Calls are answered by American Addiction Centers (AAC) who have treatment support specialists available 24/7, 365 days a year.

Both our treatment directory and our hotline are offered at no cost to you.

Where Else Can I Find Help?

SAMHSA Facility Locator - 1-800-662-HELP (4357) Free and confidential information in English and Spanish for individuals and family members facing substance abuse and mental health issues. 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Suicide Prevention Lifeline - 1-800-273-TALK (8255) 24-hour, toll-free, confidential suicide prevention hotline available to anyone in suicidal crisis or emotional distress. Your call is routed to the nearest crisis center in the national network of more than 150 crisis centers.

American Association of Poison Control Centers - For a poisoning emergency in the U.S. call 1-800-222-1222 The American Association of Poison Control Centers supports the nation’s 55 poison centers in their efforts to prevent and treat poison exposures. Poison centers offer free, confidential medical advice 24 hours a day, seven days a week

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