What is Alcohol Addiction?
Alcohol addiction (alcoholism) is a physical or mental dependence on alcohol. Alcohol addiction can lead to health and social problems, and difficulty maintaining responsibilities. Symptoms of alcohol addiction include drinking alone, becoming violent when drinking, missing work or school, hiding alcohol use, and shaking after periods of not drinking. How do you define alcoholism.
A common treatment for alcohol addiction is abstinence. There are support programs available for long-term treatment. Medications can also be used to maintain abstinence or ease withdrawal symptoms. Common drug treatments include alcohol antagonists ( Antabuse ), central alpha agonists ( clonidine ), benzodiazepines, and GABA analogues ( Campral ).
Savings Tips for Alcohol Addiction
While interventions like group or individual therapy are effective for alcohol abuse, 70 percent of people relapse after psychosocial treatment alone. There are several medications that can be used to treat alcohol use disorder, leading to reduced heavy drinking and increased days of abstinence. So here are the fab five to get to know:
Naltrexone is one of the first line treatments, and you may start it while you are still drinking without the need for a detox program first. See More
Relapse remains a prevalent and significant problem in alcoholism, even after long periods of abstinence. Vulnerability to relapse is associated with an intense craving or desire to drink, so if we can help those cravings that’s great, right? Well new studies show that gabapentin , already used for neuropathic pain and seizure disorders, may reduce cravings and thus alcohol consumption in patients with alcohol dependence. See More
How do you define moderate drinking
Nocturnal leg cramps are a common cause of pain in the legs that can disrupt sleep. They are present in nearly 50 percent of those over the age of 50. Leg cramps are characterized by sudden muscle tightness, most commonly in the foot, thigh, or calf, that may last from seconds to minutes. Forceful stretching of the affected muscles usually relieves these leg cramps. For some reason, the vast majority of people have these cramps only at night. See More
Popular Alcohol Addiction Drugssee all 10 drugs
Note: Popularity is based on total prescriptions for the brand and generic versions of each drug, regardless of the condition being treated. Some drugs are prescribed for multiple conditions.
Alcohol Addiction Drug Classes
Alcohol Addiction drugs are grouped into the following classes based on how they work:
Benzodiazepines are used for sedation and to treat anxiety, panic disorder, alcohol addiction, epilepsy, insomnia, musculoskeletal conditions, spasticity, and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. They work by slowing down the central nervous system and relaxing muscles.
GABA agonists are used to treat insomnia and spasticity from multiple sclerosis. They work by decreasing brain activity and relaxing muscles.
Tricyclic antidepressants are used to treat depression, anxiety, migraines, obsessive-compulsive disorder, insomnia, bed wetting, itching, and eczema. They work by increasing the amount of norepinephrine and serotonin in the brain to elevate mood, slow down brain activity, and relieve itching.
Opioid antagonists are used to treat alcohol addiction and opioid dependence. They work by blocking signals in the in the brain that cause alcohol and opiate cravings.
Alcohol antagonists are used as a deterrent for the treatment of alcohol addiction. They work by causing a reaction in the body when alcohol is ingested making the user sick.
How do you define alcoholism
GABA analogues are used to treat alcohol addiction. They work by affecting parts of the brain and stabilizing the chemical balance to reduce alcohol cravings.