Table of Contents
Risks of moderate alcohol consumption
Moderate alcohol consumption also carries with it some risks. In women, even moderate drinking is associated with a modest increase in the risk of developing breast cancer. However, researchers suggest that taking at least 600 mg of folic acid daily will counteract this increased risk. Alcoholism def.
Even moderate alcohol consumption by a pregnant woman can damage the developing fetus. Alcohol consumption can also alter sleep patterns and interact with many medications (see Interactions below). However, by far the greatest risk of moderate
drinking is that for some people it will lead to heavy alcohol consumption, alcohol abuse, and alcohol dependency. Twin and family studies indicated that there is an inherited tendency for some individuals to develop alcohol abuse disorders.
Risks of heavy alcohol consumption
Heavy alcohol consumption is defined for men as consuming 15 or more alcoholic drinks per week and for women as consuming 8 or more drinks per week. Between moderate and heavy alcohol consumption is a gray area of potentially problem drinking that includes binge drinking.
Binge drinking is heavy alcohol consumption that occurs intermittently. Bingeing for men means consuming 5 or more drinks in a period of about twohours. For women, it is consuming 4 or more drinks in the same time period. About 60% of men ages 18–,25 binge drink.
Heavy alcohol consumption leads to two alcohol abuse disorders that are recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV-TR) published by the American Psychiatric Association. More men abuse alcohol than women, and these men begin drinking at an earlier age than women.
Alcohol dependence is diagnosed when one or more of the following occur within a 12-month period.
Repeated alcohol use causes failure to fulfill obligations at work, home, or school.
The individual repeatedly performs hazardous activities such as driving or operating machinery while under the influence of alcohol.
Alcohol use causes legal problems.
Alcohol use continues despite problems it causes in relationships.
Alcoholism enabler definition
These symptoms do not rise to the level of alcohol dependence.
Alcohol abuse, or alcoholism, is diagnosed when three or more of the following occur within a 12- month period
Tolerance to the effects of alcohol develops.
Stopping drinking causes, or would cause, physical symptoms of withdrawal.
More alcohol is regularly drunk than is intended.
Efforts to reduce alcohol consumption are unsuccessful.
Getting alcohol, drinking, and recovering from drinking alcohol consumes a great deal of time.
Work, social, and recreational activities are replaced by drinking or recovering from drinking.
Alcohol use continues despite its causing obvious physical and/or psychological problems.
On any given day, about 7% of Americans, or more than 17 million people, are alcohol dependent or have alcoholism. Costs related to alcohol disorders are estimated to be more than $185 billion annually. Alcohol disorders are related to increased rates of motor vehicle deaths, homicides, suicides, and domestic violence. About 34% of Americans never drink alcohol.
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Alcoholism new definition
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